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Title Korea Folk Village
Name Standardmold
Date Time/Hit 2006-04-13 11:47:00 / 1341
Purpose & History
The Korean Folk Village, which was opened on the 3rd October, 1974, as an open-air folk museum and international tourist attraction for both Korean and foreign visitors. It is the home of the true Korean heritage where many features of the Korean culture have been collected and preserved for succeeding generations to see and learn about.
A traditional marketplace offers the exotic flavors of Korean cuisine from various regions. Shops stock a variety of traditional handicrafts and souveni-rs. “Farmers’ Music and Dance” and “Acrobatics on a Tightrope” are performed in the performing arena twice a day. In spring, autumn and on big holidays, traditional holiday customs and ceremonies of coming-of-age, marriage, funeral and ancestor memorial are recreated
.

Situation & Value
Set in a natural environment occupying approximately 243 acres, visitors can experience the authentic atmosphere with over 260 traditional houses reminiscent of the late Joseon Dynasty including various household goods from the different regions. All these features have been relocated and restored to provide visitors with a general view of Korean food, clothing, and housing style of a past era.

In about twenty workshops, various handicrafts such as pottery, baskets, winnows, bamboo wares, wooden wares, paper, brass wares, knots, fans, musical instruments, iron wares and embroidery are practiced. In the Korean Folk Village, where the customs and lifestyles of past generations of Korean have been faithfully maintained without impairment, various lifestyles prevalent during the Joseon Dynasty can be experienced.

You can visit the Folk Museum and Art Museum(scheduled to open) to see and learn about the essence of Korean culture and folk customs which are not suitable for display and re-creating in the open-air setting.

Map of Korea Folk Village
1. Traditional Houses
    In this area you can visit the traditional houses of Korea by region
    The types of houses are determined by social, cultural as well as the natural environment. Traditional  
    Korean houses are characterized by having both Ondol(hypocaust) and wooden floors. With social, 
    economic and cultural developments, the houses have evolved from simple shelters satisfying basic
    needs, such as sleeping and cooking, into complicated and diverse forms having differentiated areas
    for raising cattle and storing grain, the main wing and an annex. Koreans have efficiently utilized the
    spaces in the interior and exterior of the house to achieve their own self- sufficiency. Among the
    houses relocated to and restored in the Folk Village, are not only typical houses including of
    commoners, farmers and noblemen, from the southern, central, northern part and islands but also
    buildings for special purposes such as the shrine of scholars, the provincial governor’s office, a private
    school, a Buddhist temple and a shaman house.
    - Southern Part Houses

    - Northern Part Houses
    - Central Part Houses
    - Island Part Houses
    According the regional characteristics they shown its uniquity.

2. Education & Provincial Governor's Office
   
Loyalty and filial piety are the fundamentals in which education in the Choson Dynasty is based.
    Samgang Oryun, or Three Principles aid Five Rules, were considered indispensable in transforming
    natural man into a social being and Confucianism was adopted and promoted as the official ideology
    which emphasized seniority and order among people.
    Songkyunkwan was established in Seoul as an institution of higher education and preceding this level
    of higher education were Sabu Hakdong in the capital of Seoul and Hyanggyo, or provincial school, in
    provinces. S won was a type of private educational institution and there was also Sodang, which was
    the elementary school that was available for children of the common people.
    In the Korean Folk Village are Sowon, Sodang and monuments such as Hyojamun and Yollyomun,
    each respectively commemorating filial sons and faithful wives which directly demonstrate morals and
    ethics in the Choson Dynasty. We can also find the replica of a provincial governor's office where the
    governor used to carry out various missions including the imposition and collection of taxes,   
    execution of sentences and other roles which ensured the sound and peaceful of the people
    SOWON - The Sowon was a type of private educational institution where young people were taught 
                    Confucian classics and where memorial services for great Confucian scholars who were
                    eminent in both learning and virtue were performed. 

   Provincial Governor's Office
                    An office building for the local governor to carry out administrative missions was called
                    Kwan-a or government office.  Such units of local administration as Chu (district), Kun
                    (county) and Hyon (prefecture) were headed by the Kwanchalsa (governor), Pusa(mayor),
                    Kunsu(county chief) or Hyonryong(prefectural magistrate). The governor's office is 
                    composed of the main gate, outer servants' quarter, the inner gate, and the mid servants'
                    quarters, the main office(Donghon), the inner living quarters and the inner servants' 
                    quarters. Located at the back of the courtyard was a jail
3. Livelihood and Handicrafts
    Various traditional life styles are reproduced in the exhibit houses and empty lots for tourist to
    experience Korean living culture. Farm produce including rice, barley, wheat, cotton, ginseng, sweet
    potato, radish and sesame are cultivated in a traditional way so that visitors can witness the whole
    process from seeding to harvesting. Also recreated are daily routine work as carrying a burden on
    one's back, and grinding grain using a hand mill, etc
    - Livelihood
    - Household Goods
    - Handicrafts
    - Traditional Marketplace
    - Korean Herb Drugstore

4. Religion & Ceremonies
   
Indigenous religions in Korea were divided into three large categories: Shamanism, the worship of
    house gods and the worship of the village god. Shamanism is centered around shamans who made
    contact with gods or evil spirits through special mystical techniques. There are two types of
    shamans. One type comprises those having experienced the so called "shaman illness" and they
    take the god who appeared in their dreams as their guardian deity. The other type comprises those
    who simply became shamans because the occupation is passed on from one generation to the next.
    Throughout its long history, Shamanism in Korea has developed several regional variations in the
    style of ritual services.
    Ritual service for various house gods such as house site god, ancestor god, house master god, the
    god of earth, toilet god and dragon god were performed. The ritual service for the village god was
    performed at the shrines such as Sonangdang in front of the village or Sansindang for wealth, good
    harvest, fertility and the expulsion of misfortune.
    The rites of passage are performed at certain stages of life to signify the acquisition of a new position
    and the change of role in society. The birth ceremony commemorates the new born baby's birth and
    growth. The coming-of-age ceremony symbolizes the individual becoming an adult. The marriage
    ceremony includes the whole process of matchmaking, proposing, consent to marriage and the
    matrimonial ritual. The funeral ceremony begins with the person's death, wrapping the corpse in a
    shroud, carrying the coffin out of the house and mourning. The ancestor memorial service such as
    Charae on New Year's Day, Kije on the anniversary of death and Myoje held before the grave are
    rituals for commemorating ancestors and for the unity and peaceful harmony of the family.

5. Festivals & Entertainment
   
Since most Koreans subsisted on agriculture in the past, they enjoyed festivals and entertainment in
    the form of mock farming, paying homage for abundant crops.
    Festivals gave developed regional and seasonal variations, some of which, have attained the level of
    being art. The methods of their existence and how they were transmitted divide them into two
    categories; group entertainment and individual entertainment. Among the group entertainment are
    farmer's music and dance, maskdance, the tug of war, Kossaum, or a treading the earth spirit festival
    and the first full-moon night festival which contributed to the harmony and unity of community
    members. Among the individual entertainment are Baduk(Korean checkers), chess, archery and card
    games which are enjoyed by adults. and shuttlecock game, stilts, beads game, stick-tossing game
    and pinwheels which are enjoyed by children.
List
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